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It’s believed that before 1.000 AD an inhabited area existed in the place where now Scansano rises.

The hypothesis is confirmed by the circumstances that the name of Scansano seems to derive from S. Ansano of the Anicia Family, Christian martyr of the 1st century AD.

The most ancient document, which is dated back to 1188, in which Scansano is mentioned is a papal Bull by Clemente III and in 1274, it’s also mentioned in the division act between the two branches of Counts Aldobrandeschi of Sovana and of Santa Fiora, to the second of which was assigned Scansano and its district.

Situated on a hilly ridge, natural separation between the lands set on the two sides, Scansano suffered different fates during the weary struggles between the Aldobrandeschi and the Republic of Siena.

Several times the "senesi" fought in Scansano and in 1330:

" la prima impresa fu contro la terra di Scanzano, che fu occupata per assalto e tutta messa a sacco e a fuoco sixcche’ appena i Conti (Aldobrandeschi) che in erano alla difesa, ebbero tempo con molti de loro a salvarsi fuggendo a Santa Fiora ". ( G.A. Pecci - Monografia di Scansano)

In 1331 the Counts submitted to the Republic of Siena :

" restituischino i sanesi a conti la terra di Scanzano , ma smantellata atterrata la rocca e ripieni i fossi ……. " (G.A Pecci)

Because of the marriage between Cecilia Aldobrandesci and Bosio of Muzio Attendolo Sforza of Cotignola in 1439 Scansano passes under the dominion of the Sforzas who had dominated it, together with others territories, for about two centuries.

In 1615 Alessandro Sforza gives Scansano and Pomonte to Cosimo II of the Medicis who sets the Medicis’ "arms" on the door of Scansano between 1617 and 1619 ,

( Main entrance to the historical centre ) .

In 1738 Scansano passes under the Grand duchy of the Lorenas becoming in 1776 office of podesta’ and comunity in 1783 including besides the chief town, Cotone, Montorgiali, Montiano, Poggioferro, Pancole, Collecchio, Polveraia, Pontepò and Pomonte.

In 1787, because of the Leopoldo’s reform, Scansano assumes the present dimension.

Since 1333 Scansano has been centre of the " estatatura ", that’s to say the transfer of judicial and administrative offices from Grosseto, marshy and malarial lowland , to Scansano.

When the Estatatura was officially abolished in 1897 Scansano becomes one of the most important Maremma village and, besides the remarkable existing private buildings, there are:

the hospital in 1862, the Castagnoli theatre in 1892, the activation of Scansano primary school in 1896.

The xx century, in addition to the increase of the cultural heritage, has seen the progressive reorganisation of the agricultural activity and the consequent affirmation of new technologies, especially in olive growing, livestock-breeding and viticulture.

The latter has led to the recognition of the Morellino of Scansano d.o.c. and to the expansion of the "Cantina Cooperativa del Morellino di Scansano" whose realisation had been already supported since 1884 by the illustrious Scansanese Dr. Vannuccio Vannuccini.